Although NASA has been working with farmers in Louisiana and Mississippi on such projects for several years, the new memorandum of understanding signed by Agriculture Secretary Ann M. Veneman and NASA Administrator Sean O’Keefe appears to take the research to a higher level.
The memorandum permits USDA to draw on the “best scientific and technical information available from NASA” in monitoring, mapping, modeling and systems engineering, said Veneman. The primary purpose of this new cooperative effort is to help increase the production efficiency of farmers while continuing to reduce the cost of production by bringing more practical benefits of science and technology into agricultural applications.
“Precision agriculture practices are helping farmers improve productivity while protecting our natural resources,” said Veneman. “This partnership with NASA will make available remote sensing technologies that will advance precision agriculture.”
One of the first steps in the new partnership is a $1 million, 3-year program to establish Geospatial Extension Programs at land grant universities. Geospatial Extension specialists work closely with NASA and USDA to address geographic information systems/remote sensing needs of the agricultural community. Among the technological advances available to farmers from precision agriculture techniques are:
- Monitors and maps that can detect and record changes in yields, soil attributes or crop conditions, including pest infestations and water nutrient stress.
- Technologies that use information from sensors to vary the application rate and timing for seeds, fertilizers, pesticides and irrigation water.
- Vehicle guidance systems that provide on-the-go sensing for weed and pest populations and detect crop traits, such as protein or oil content, during harvest.
“The information we provide will allow our research partners to make critical, accurate and timely decisions."
This joint endeavor could also spawn information that will contribute to project plans for NASA’s Earth Science Enterprise, an initiative to develop a scientific understanding of the Earth’s response to natural or human-induced changes.
Veneman said that such technology would also be highlighted at the upcoming Ministerial and Expo on Agricultural Science and Technology June 23-25 in Sacramento, Calif. where ministers from over 180 countries will discuss and share science and technological innovation in agriculture. For more information on the conference, visit http://www.fas.usda.gov.