On September 13, a federal judge upheld EPA pollution limits aimed at improving the condition of the 64,000-square-mile Chesapeake Bay. Along with six states, the EPA has moved to reduce farm runoff --including nitrogen, phosphorus and sediment -- in rivers that drain into the bay.

On Tuesday (October 8), both the American Farm Bureau Federation and the National Corn Growers Association announced they would appeal the decision.

“This is a wrongly decided case that has dangerous implications for farmers and many others in the Chesapeake Bay area and nationwide,” said AFBF President Bob Stallman. “This case isn’t about whether or not to protect the Chesapeake Bay -- we all share that goal. This case is about whether EPA can dictate where farming will be allowed, where homes can be built, and where businesses can be established. By taking over decisions like that, EPA has turned the whole concept of cooperative federalism out the barn door.”

National Corn Growers Association President Martin Barbre said the organization “feels it is in the best interest of farmers to appeal the district court’s decision. … Our organization understands and supports the need to protect water quality but we don’t support a wrongfully decided case when it has a profoundly negative impact on agricultural production and innovation.

“We continue to believe the policies and science behind Chesapeake Bay (Total Maximum Daily Load) are wrong and that it goes beyond the scope of Clean Water Act authority. We hope the Third Circuit Court of Appeals will reconsider these arguments and ultimately provide state and local jurisdiction more flexibility to work with agriculture in meeting water quality goals.”

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 The AFBF, in a statement, said it “seeks an appeal to preserve the primary role of states in setting land use policy and determining how to achieve water quality goals. According to AFBF, the Clean Water Act puts states in the drivers’ seat to determine how farmers, builders, homeowners and towns will share the responsibility of achieving clean water. EPA’s framework puts EPA in control of those decisions.”

Stallman: “Win or lose on appeal, farmers and ranchers will continue their dedicated efforts on the farm to improve water quality and the natural environment. In the meantime, AFBF will continue to oppose what we see as a remarkable power grab.”