The “flash drought” that has rapidly gripped parts of Arkansas and driven the life out of the state’s pastures is also drying out stock and irrigation ponds, creeks and rivers. Water tables are declining rapidly, especially in western Arkansas and the Arkansas River Valley.

As of July 7, the Fourche La Fave at Gravelly in Sebastian County was at its lowest level ever. At Houston in Perry County, the Fourche La Fave was at its second lowest level, the National Weather Service said.

“I inherited the old family farm and this is the first time this well has gone dry,” said Don Rodgers, president of the Crawford County Cattlemen’s Association. “The water table is being depleted rapidly and the ponds are down half or lower. It’s scary, but it’s the nature of the business.”

While cattle producers have been the hardest hit, poultry producers are beginning to feel the drought too, said Susan Watkins, Extension poultry specialist.

“The heat has been tough on farmers worried about water shortages for their poultry farms,” she said. “It’s not epidemic, but it is a concern with the drought that surface water sources such as ponds are drying up and with the heat some wells are having trouble keeping up with the required volume for raising big birds and cooling with the evaporative cool cells. 

“Many poultry farmers that are currently using municipal or rural water are being asked to go off the systems because the suppliers can’t keep up with the demand of the poultry farms and their other customers.”

The pressure on water supplies has prompted at least one group of farmers to ask Watkins to give a presentation on above-ground water storage options.

Last year, some in agriculture were comparing the drought to 1980. In 1980, “old timers always compared the drought to 1954,” said Brent Griffin, Prairie County Extension staff chair. Some are now comparing the current drought to the Dust Bowl days of the 1930s.

“If not for the irrigation implemented since 1980” the picture would be much worse,” Griffin said.

A PDF of the new drought map can be seen here.

For more information on coping with drought, visit Arkansas Drought Resources or contact your county Extension office.