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In the Mid-South, growers have demonstrated their ability to adjust acreage based on market signals, in particular, competing crops’ relative prices. This year’s survey says growers intend to plant 1.2 million acres, a 24.9 percent increase
U.S. cotton farmers will increase their acres in 2016 despite the less-than-rosy forecast for cotton future prices, according to the National Cotton Council’s Annual Early Season Planting Intentions Survey.
The survey, released at this morning’s session of the NCC’s annual meeting in Dallas, said producers intend to plant 9.1 million acres of cotton, up 6.2 percent from 2015’s 8.58 million acres. The latter were the lowest plantings since 1983.
Upland cotton intentions are 8.9 million acres, up 5.7 percent from 2015, while extra-long staple or Pima plantings could reach 208,000 acres, a 31.2-percent increase. Those acreages could produce a crop of 14 million bales – 13.4 million bales of upland and 595,000 ELS, NCC economists said.
“Planted acreage is just one of the factors that will determine supplies of cotton and cottonseed. Ultimately, weather, insect pressures and agronomic conditions play a significant role in determining crop size,” said Dr. Jody Campiche, the NCC’s vice president for economics and policy analysis.
She said that with abandonment set at 11 percent for the United States, Cotton Belt harvested area totals 8.1 million acres. Using an average U.S. yield per harvested acre of 831 pounds generates a cotton crop of 14.0 million bales, with 13.4 million upland bales and 595,000 ELS bales.