Two years’ worth of attempts by the soybean checkoff to convince Europeans of the sustainability of biodiesel made from U.S. soybean oil recently culminated in several “frustrating” meetings in Brussels between United Soybean Board Chairman Marc Curtis and several European Union officials.
Under the EU Renewable Energy Directive, biodiesel made from U.S. soybean oil fails to meet the directive’s minimum greenhouse gas emission-reduction threshold, despite a checkoff-funded study that proves otherwise.
“‘Frustrating’ is probably the right word,” says Curtis. “The EU Commission acknowledged they have the results of our research and they indicate that they more or less agree with our numbers. But it’s more of a political situation than it is a sound-science situation.”
Since Dec. 1, when member states first began implementing the new biodiesel rules, U.S. soy exports to the EU have already been hindered, Curtis says. Besides displacing some U.S. soybean exports to the EU, he says the RED will also affect U.S. soybean oil exports.
“The EU is approximately 5 percent of our soybean export market,” says Curtis. “Processors use the meal for animal feed, and they had used the oil to manufacture biodiesel. Now, however, the EU will re-export that oil at a discount, to some other country, where it will compete with our own soybean oil exports.”
The RED requires all of the EU’s member states to use 10 percent renewable fuels in their transportation fuel mix by 2020. In order to qualify as renewable, the fuel must reduce GHG emissions by at least 35 percent compared with similar petroleum-based fuel. Currently, the RED gives biodiesel made from U.S. soybean oil credit for just a 31 percent GHG reduction.
Among numerous other efforts, the soybean checkoff provided the Commission with the results of a checkoff-funded life-cycle analysis, which demonstrated that soy biodiesel easily meets the RED’s GHG-reduction requirements. Using the same methodology as the RED, the study shows soy biodiesel reduces GHG emissions by between 39 percent for biodiesel made from U.S. soybeans shipped to and crushed in Europe and 49 percent for finished U.S. soy biodiesel shipped to Europe.