Hurricane Katrina cost Mid-South farmers nearly $900 million in crop losses, according to the latest estimate from USDA.
The Agriculture Department's preliminary assessment reduced its cotton production forecast for Alabama and Mississippi by 4 percent and said Louisiana had lost about 9 percent of its sugarcane crop due to Katrina.
“Given the severity of the hurricane, the agricultural losses could have been much greater,” said Agriculture Secretary Mike Johanns said. “With that said, there is a long road ahead for many of our producers who face infrastructure and long-term losses not accounted for in this assessment.
“USDA is committed to supporting producers throughout long and short term recovery.”
Johanns said hurricane-force winds missed major crop production areas in the Mid-South, and substantial portions of rice, soybeans and corn production in hurricane-affected states were harvested prior to landfall of Hurricane Katrina, which also limited production losses.
“Much of the crop losses are attributable to lost horticultural production in Florida and along the Gulf Coast,” he noted.
Although corn, rice and soybean losses appear to be modest, the assessment report acknowledges that producers will face higher costs harvesting the blown over crops, which will require more time and high-cost fuel to harvest.
Short-term livestock production losses due to the hurricane are estimated in the range of $30 million. Millions of chickens were killed. Producers also lost eggs, poults and chicken grow-out facilities, which will lead to longer term economic losses for some producers.
Dairy producers discarded an estimated $3 million worth of milk due to lost electricity on farms and at dairy processing plants and might face a period of reduced cow productivity. An estimated 10,000 head of cattle were lost.
This preliminary assessment provides estimates of 2005 production losses and does not include infrastructure or long-term losses, according to the assessment. Crop and livestock producers face added losses in the form of damaged or destroyed barns, equipment buildings, fences, machinery, as well as losses associated with degraded farm fields, carcass disposal, electrical power losses and fuel shortages.
The nearly $900 million in lost production due to the hurricane compares to a combined total of $20 billion in farm cash receipts in 2004 for producers in Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi and Tennessee.
The USDA assessment also reviewed production losses due to the drought in the eastern Corn Belt, estimating $1.3 billion in corn and soybeans losses in Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Missouri, Ohio and Wisconsin. In addition to hurricane and drought production losses, the report notes that grain and oilseed producers throughout the Midwest have faced reduced prices due to the shipping interruption in New Orleans ports.
Crop insurance will cover a portion of farm production losses attributable to Hurricane Katrina, the drought and other adverse weather conditions this year. While coverage varies by crop and state, in general, 70 to 95 percent of planted acreage is covered by insurance in the hurricane-affected area and 60 to 75 percent of corn and soybean acreage is covered in the drought-affected area.
USDA's preliminary assessment is subject to change as more information becomes available. The report is available on the USDA Web site at http://www.usda.gov/katrina.