What is in this article?:
- Peanuts add diversification and cotton rotation benefits for Mississippi growers
- Peanuts need less water
- Times were tough in agriculture
“Cotton has been our mainstay crop, going back to my father and grandfather,” says Robert Agostinelli, Jr., who farms with Charles Balducci near Clarksdale, Miss. But, this year they've added 450 acres of peanuts to their cotton/corn/soybean mix for the diversification and rotation benefits.
IN EARLY AUGUST, peanuts were making good progress for first-time growers Robert Agostinelli, Jr., left, and Charles Balducci, who farm together near Clarksdale, Miss.
Times were tough in agriculture
“I was confronted with the necessity of either getting bigger or getting out of farming. Times were tough for agriculture in the ‘restructuring’ years of the 1980s, and a lot of people were going under or leaving farming.
“As places became available, I was fortunate to be able to get land from those who were getting out of farming. Now, you can hardly get land here; there’s a lot of competition for it, and when it becomes available it’s quite expensive.”
“About eight or nine years after I came back to the farm, my younger brother, John, was wanting to farm, too, so my father retired, the land was divided, and we set up separate operations. Mark and John began farming together, and Charles joined me here in this operation."
Charles Balducci, grew up at nearby Shelby, Miss., and came from a farming family, too.
“My father and older brother farmed,” he says, “and I farmed for 19 years before joining a die casting operation at Shelby. After I married Robert’s sister, Gina, he asked me to join him here in the farming operation, and we’ve been farming together since 1991.”
“It was a good move,” Agostinelli says. “Charles loves farming, and we work well together.”
They now have 3,700 acres in nine different farms, this year growing 2,000 acres of cotton, 850 acres of soybeans, 400 acres of corn, and 450 acres of peanuts. About 800 acres are owned, the rest rented.
They have a 10-year average for cotton of 1,250 pounds, about 180 bushels on corn, and 45 bushels on soybeans. They are also shareholders in the nearby Producers Gin of Belen.
Although Agostinelli’s heritage is steeped in cotton, which still constitutes the majority of their acreage, he says, “Corn is the best crop I’ve ever grown. With irrigation, it’s an easy crop to grow, and if weather cooperates, we can get really good yields."
They use both furrow and center pivot irrigation. “Cotton is 95 percent irrigated,” he says, “corn 100 percent, peanuts 90 percent, and soybeans 50 percent.”
Even though they’re new to peanut production, Agostinelli and Balducci agree that the crop appears to be a good fit for their operation, offering diversification and rotation benefits, along with the potential for a good return.
“It has been interesting to watch the crop develop,” Agostinelli says. “It’s a learning experience for us. Now, we’re just hoping for a good harvest.”
Peanut field day
The North Mississippi Peanut Field Day, sponsored by the Mississippi State University Extension Service will be held Aug. 29 at Clarksdale, Miss., beginning at 9 a.m. on the farm of Mark and John Agostinelli.
The farm is located in Coahoma County on Monty Martin Road off New Africa Road. Scheduled activities include speakers and a harvest demonstration. Alan Henn, Mississippi State University Extension professor of entomology and plant pathology, and Jeff Gore, assistant research professor at the Delta Research and Extension Center, will be on site to talk about current research in peanuts. Malcolm Broome, executive director of the Mississippi Peanut Growers Association, will also participate, along with Trey Bullock, peanut consultant at Hattiesburg, Miss.