According to USDA’s crop progress report for the week ending Aug. 5, a few cotton bolls (1 percent) are just starting to open in Missouri (4 percent) and Mississippi (1 percent).

USDA reports that 95 percent of the U.S. cotton crop is squaring, which is on pace with last year at this time. All Mid-South cotton has reached the stage. Meanwhile, 70 percent of the U.S. cotton crop is now setting bolls, behind last year’s 81 percent and a 5-year average of 79 percent.

Fifty-four percent of the U.S. cotton crop is listed in good to excellent condition, compared to 38 percent for the same time last year. Several states report more than 70 percent of their crops in good to excellent condition, including Arkansas, 72 percent, California, 97 percent, Kansas, 70 percent, Mississippi, 77 percent and Oklahoma, 71 percent.

According to USDA, 56 percent of the U.S. soybean crop is listed in good to excellent condition, a drop of two percentage points from the previous week. Arkansas reports 54 percent of its soybeans in good to excellent condition, compared to 69 percent for Louisiana and 80 percent for Mississippi. The Tennessee soybean crop continues to struggle in the drought, and 34 percent is listed in poor to very poor condition.

Ninety-two percent of the U.S. soybean crop is blooming, according to USDA. Sixty-nine percent of the crop is setting pods, identical to last year’s pace.

Most of the U.S. corn crop, 96 percent, is now silking, the same as last year at this time, and slightly ahead of the 5-year average. Nine percent of the nation’s corn is at the denting stage, compared to 11 percent this time last year. The only Mid-South crop listed by USDA, Tennessee, reports 65 percent of the crop at the stage.

Fifty-six percent of the U.S. corn crop is reported in good or better condition, about the same percentage as the previous week and last year. Tennessee, the only Mid-South state listed in the USDA report, reported nearly half the corn crop in poor to very poor condition.

Sixty-six percent of the U.S. rice crop is headed, with Louisiana, Mississippi and Texas at over 90 percent. Arkansas rice is 67 percent headed compared to 59 percent for Missouri.

Seventy-three percent of the U.S. rice crop is reported in good to excellent condition, about the same percentage as last year.

e-mail: erobinson@farmpress.com