Cotton production is forecast at 16.3 million bales, down 2 percent from last month and down 10 percent from last year.

Yield is expected to average 794 pounds per acre, down 18 pounds from last year.

Upland cotton production is forecast at 15.6 million bales, down 12 percent from 2010. American Pima production, forecast at 737,200 bales, was carried forward from last month.

Average yields declined from the previous month in Virginia, Texas, North Carolina, Mississippi, Georgia, Florida and California, and increased only in South Carolina.

Forecast cotton exports were lowered 1 million bales to 12 million bales due to reduced U.S. supplies and weaker foreign demand. Ending stocks were raised to 3 million bales. The stocks-to-use ratio of 19 percent is still relatively tight.

The average price received by producers is now projected at 90 cents to $1.10 per pound.


Forecast U.S. rice production for 2011-12 was lowered 6 percent to 187 million hundredweight due to a reduction in acreage.

Harvested area for 2011-12 was lowered 185,000 acres to 2.65 million acres.

Estimated rice yields were raised slightly from last month to 7,059 pounds per acre. The crop size would be the lowest since 1997-98.

Ending stocks for 2010-11 were lowered 6 million hundredweight while ending stocks for 2011-12 are now projected at 29.6 million hundredweight, down 12.5 million, or 30 percent from a month ago, and 21.0 million, or 42 percent below 2010-11.

Global rice production is projected at a record 456.3 million tons, down fractionally as the drop in the U.S. crop was nearly offset by an increase for Egypt.


Forecast peanut production is 3.648 billion pounds, compared to 4.15 billion pounds in 2010.

Forecast yields rose slightly from last month, from 3,256 pounds per acre to 3,275 pounds per acre. Yields increased from last month for Florida, Mississippi, North Carolina and Virginia.