The conclusions and recommendations of that study have led to the concept of a “Uniquely African Green Revolution” – modern and sustainable agriculture with an emphasis on improved seeds and integrated soil fertility and water management practices.

The new approaches are beginning to have an impact in countries like Mali, Kenya, Malawi and Tanzania where the increased access to high-yielding seeds, fertilizer and credit are making a difference to farmer’s livelihoods.

“The balance is changing. There was a real sense of optimism last month at the African Green Revolution Forum in Ghana which was attended by more than 1,000 partners,” he said. “They included government leaders and parliamentarians, bankers, civil society organizations, scientists and researchers, and farmers.

“I also saw something I had never seen before in Africa – the attendances of company CEOs at an agricultural event.”

Annan said the world has a stake in Africa’s future. “Without a prosperous, stable and peaceful Africa, our ambitions for our world will not succeed. We need African governments to stand by and support their farmers through resource allocation and the right policy environments. But it is equally important that the developed world upholds its commitments to Africa’s development and continues to see agriculture as a priority for support.”