In early August, just outside Des Arc, Ark., a large convoy of pickup trucks made several stops for the Prairie County Extension field tour. At the stops seed representatives spoke on some of the Group IV and Group V soybeans available to Mid-South farmers. Their comments, in the order they were made, are below.
DK4868: “This one is one of our more popular late Group IVs. It works better on light to mixed soils and, like most Group IVs, is better drilled or on less than 30-inch rows,” said Terry Montgomery of Delta King.
DK4763: “This is Delta King's newest Group IV. It's a 4.7 maturity and will probably work better on heavier to mixed soils,” said Montgomery.
DK4762 and DK4765: “These are later Group IVs and both are excluders. So if you're rotating into beans from rice or have a salt problem, these two would be good to plant. Unlike includers, these won't take salt in,” said Montgomery.
Pioneer 9492: “This is most popular soybean we sell in the South. It's been around for several years and is very consistent on all soil types,” said Otis Howe of Pioneer.
Pioneer 94B73, 94B74: “You can't sit still. You must keep trying to improve and that's what we've been doing with these two varieties,” said Howe. “We sold some 94B73 last year and the yield is a bit better than 9492. However, this variety doesn't have the disease package of 9492. 94B74 has a bit better yield than 94B73 along with resistance to races 2, 3 and 14 nematodes. It also has good tolerance to Sudden Death Syndrome (SDS).”
HBK 4820 and 4920: “These two are a lot alike and are both excellent, solid Group IVs,” said David Biggers of Hornbeck Seed. “4820 is the highest yielding variety we have in our lineup. At Hornbeck we have our own breeding program with 15 testing locations from Louisiana all the way up to the Missouri Bootheel. Over the past three years, over those locations, 4820 has won best yield. It's a great variety with one drawback — it's just a bit weak on steam canker. Other than that, it's excellent. 4920 is a little later than 4820. It's a little taller and if you're looking for something to plant in heavier soil, I'd recommend it. It has a bit better disease package than 4820 — especially on stem canker.”
TV 4886: “This is a Roundup Ready with very good resistance to Phytophthora, and root-knot 3 and 14 cyst. It will go on any soil type and any row spacing. It also has tolerance to chloride,” said Scooter Hodges of Terral Seed.
TV 4890: “This one is good on Phytophthora. It gets taller and straight so we recommend it on narrow 20-inch rows or less,” said Hodges.
TV 4589: “This is our earliest Group IV and is a very good 4.5. It will go on any soil and rated a 7 — above average — on southern root-knot 3 and 14. It's also chloride resistant,” said Hodges.
DPL 4344RR: “This bean does well with early planting. It has a height advantage over a lot of other early Group IVs,” said Danny Gonzales of Delta and Pineland.
DPL 4690: “This is a 4.6 that will do very well in productive fields without cyst troubles,” said Gonzales.
Pioneer 95B97: “This is a late conventional recently released. You have to think hard about recent conventional releases. But to continue to maintain growth in yield, conventional varieties must continue to set the trend,” said Jeff Pangle of Pioneer. “This one is about 3 bushels better than 9594. It's a fraction shorter with a similar plant type. So if you're still raising conventionals, staying clean and not having to spend a fortune on weed control, 95B97 is the ticket. In my portfolio, 95B97 is the new yield leader.”
Pioneer 95B96: “This is the late V that will yield closest to 9594. It isn't there yet, but it's within a couple of bushels. The ground is being made up,” said Pangle.
Pioneer 95B43: “This is a 5.4 and is in the maturity group more and more producers are getting interested in. It also has a sister variety — 95B42 — that had a very limited supply of seed this year. In last year's test plots, these two varieties were neck-and-neck. Everywhere we looked the two cut about 68 bushels,” said Pangle.
DPL 5414R: “This is one of our newer varieties with resistance to nematodes race 3 and 14. This is a tall bean that does well on dryland fields. It also has resistance to stem canker and Frogeye and can handle tough soils well,” said Danny Gonzalez of Delta and Pineland.
DPL 5734R: “This variety is brand new with root-knot nematode resistant. In the sandy soils from Conway to Pine Bluff, this will work very well. As far as cyst nematodes, it has resistance to races 1, 3, 14 and possibly 5,” said Gonzalez.
DPL 5806R: “This has been around for a number years and does very well. Farmers who flood irrigate like it very much. This is a tall, gray bean with a good disease package: stem canker, Frogeye, nematode races 3 and 14,” said Gonzalez.
DPL 5915: “I'm very high on this variety that's been around for a couple of years. Overall, in the Keiser and Stuttgart tests, it came out sixth. It has the same disease package as 5806 but it will adapt to different soil types from sand to heavier. This will likely be our number one seller this year,” said Gonzalez.
TV54R11: “This 5.4 bean is part of our brand new lineup of soybeans. It's got the best disease package on the market in its maturity range. It will fit any soil although if you're planting it into clays, we'd rather you drill it. Otherwise it might not get the height you need. Producers want earlier beans. If you look at data, it shows 5.9s have outyielded the earlier Vs. Now, that gap is closing,” said Scooter Hodges of Terral Seed.
TV56R11: “This is the second highest yielder in plots across the Mid-South. It has a good disease package that can be planted on any soil. A brother to 5666, it should be a better yielder with the same disease package,” said Hodges.
TV58R11: “This is a very good 5.8 that does well on any soil. It has a good disease package with Phytophthora, root knot nematode and cyst nematode,” said Hodges.
TV59R85: “This is a 5.9 that does very well on more productive soils, although it can go anywhere. It cut in the 60-bushel range last year in test plots,” said Hodges.
TV59R98: “This doesn't have a cyst nematode package but does have a very good root knot nematode package. If you've got heavy ground, this is a good one to go with,” said Hodges.
HBK 5101: “This is a 5.1 indeterminate and is an excellent choice to go behind wheat. It's very tall. In our book it lists as 51 inches tall. I've seen it up to my nose,” said David Biggers of Hornbeck Seed.
HBK 5420: “This variety is excellent on better soils. It has a great disease package — stem canker, Phytophthora, SDS. It has a good canopy and fits all row widths,” said Biggers.
HBK R5620: “This is our top-selling Group V and is in its first year out. It's our highest yielder in our Roundup Ready line. It will go across all soil types, but seems to have shined on heavier soils. This has good emergence, good canopy and is just solid throughout,” said Biggers.
3518DG: “All our beans are Roundup Ready. This is a fairly new release that is tall and moderately bushy. It is a good stress-taker, works well on sandy soils and has excellent resistance to charcoal rot. It's also good with stem canker and SDS,” said Robert Prince of Dyna-Gro.
3535DG: “This led the University of Arkansas trials across all locations last year. In this particular test (in Prairie County) it yielded 60 or 61 bushels. This is a bit shorter and is suited to heavier ground. It doesn't mind water, doesn't mind getting its feet wet. It has good resistance to aerial blight and does well from the Missouri boot heel to southern Louisiana,” said Prince. “This is a 5.3 maturity bean with resistance to races 3 and 14 cyst nematodes. Like all of our Group V soybeans, it's a Roundup Ready. This one is medium tall, medium bush bean that's well suited for medium to heavy soils. It's also well suited for no-till situations because of early emergence and growth. It's done well wherever we put it. If you're looking for a smaller seed that you can stretch over a few more acres — get a bit more acreage out of a bag — this one will work.”
3562DG: “This is a big, showy, bushy bean that works well on any row spacing. It is adapted to any soil type, although it does best on medium soils. In the University of Arkansas trials last year, it placed in the top 10 yielders,” said Prince.
DK5366: “This is a Roundup Ready bean we've probably sold the most of this year. It did very well in University of Arkansas tests — the number one bean for the past two years. It's an excluder with some root-knot resistance,” said Terry Montgomery of Delta King.
DK5465: “This also did well in trials last year — right below the 5366,” said Montgomery.
DK5668: “This has the best disease package of any of our beans. You won't hear me tell you to plant one Delta King variety across your whole farm. I couldn't do that with a clear conscience. You need to take the knowledge you have about your fields, the disease situation you face and take Extension literature and study up. Then you can pick one of our beans!” said Montgomery with a laugh.
Croplan RC5252: “This is a very good excluder soybean. It fits this field well because it has a pretty high chloride problem. As farmers are asking for earlier and earlier soybeans, this is one you need to look at. In production last year around Brinkley, a farmer had three different fields with this variety and ended up averaging 74 bushels. So it's got awesome potential,” said Wayman Holt of Croplan.
Croplan RC5332: “This is a new bean that, in last year's trials, outyielded all our other beans by 5 bushels. As far as diseases, this one has a lot to offer. It has resistance to races 3 and 14 (not sure about other races yet), excellent resistance to stem canker, Frogeye, Phytophthora, SDS, and root-knot,” said Holt.
Morsoy 5440: “We work with the Morsoy line of soybeans that have been on the market for about three years,” said Don Moses of Cache River Valley Seed. “This Roundup Ready variety has a very good disease package that shines on heavier soils in the Keiser and Rowher area. It has resistance to Phytophthora, root knot, cyst races 3 and 14, stem canker and SDS. It's about 36 inches tall.”
Morsoy 5620: “This bean is a very good mid-season bean. It's about 36 inches tall and does better on sandier or sandy loam soils,” said Moses.