Deltapine cotton varieties were the most popular brand of cotton seed planted in the United States in 2005, according to USDA’s Agricultural Marketing Service. FiberMax was second, followed by Stoneville, Paymaster, AFD Seed, PhytoGen, California Planting Cotton Seed Distributors (CPCSD), All-Tex and Sure-Grow.
The most popular cotton variety in the United States in 2005 was Deltapine’s DP 555 BG/RR, planted on almost 18 percent of U.S. cotton acreage. That’s close to 2.5 million acres, based on USDA’s estimate of almost 14 million acres planted. DP 444 BG/RR was second, at 13 percent, or 1.8 million acres, followed by Stoneville’s ST 5599 BR, 7.6 percent, or 1.1 million acres. FiberMax FM 958, 7.4 percent, FM 960 BR, 3.5 percent, AFD 3511 RR, 2.3 percent, and DP 449 BG/RR, 2.2 percent, rounded out the top seven.
In the Mid-South, DP 444 BG/RR was the most popular cotton variety in Arkansas, Tennessee and Missouri in 2005, while DP 555 BG/RR was the most popular variety in Mississippi and Louisiana. ST 5599 BR was the second-most popular variety in Arkansas, Mississippi, Tennessee and Louisiana, while ST 4892 BR was the second-most popular variety in Missouri.
Deltapine varieties accounted for about 43.2 percent of U.S. cotton acreage, or roughly 6 million acres. Regionally, the Southeast planted 77.2 percent in Deltapine varieties, the Mid-South, 58.4 percent; the Southwest, 14.2 percent; and the West, 27.5 percent.
FiberMax varieties accounted for 25.3 percent of U.S. cotton planting in 2005, or about 3.5 million acres. FiberMax accounted for 9.1 percent of the acreage in the Southeast; 4.6 percent in the Mid-South; 53.9 percent in the Southwest; and 6.6 percent in the West. The non-transgenic variety, FM 958, accounted for nearly 20 percent of the acreage in Texas.
Stoneville varieties accounted for 13.9 percent of U.S. cotton plantings, about 2 million acres. Stoneville accounted for 8.8 percent of cotton acres in the Southeast, 32.3 percent in the Mid-South, 5.8 percent in the West and 4.2 percent in the Southwest.
Paymaster varieties accounted for 6.8 percent of U.S. cotton plantings in 2005, or about 952,000 acres. Paymaster varieties accounted for 1.2 percent of cotton acres in the Southeast, 3.8 percent in the Mid-South, and 13.6 percent in the Southwest.
AFD Seed cotton varieties accounted for about 3 percent of U.S. cotton planted area, and 8 percent of Texas cotton acres.
PhytoGen varieties were the most popular cotton variety in the West, with 36.1 percent of planted acres.
CPCSD varieties accounted for 21.5 percent of the acreage in the West.
PhytoGen was the most popular brand of American Pima planted in 2005. PHY 800 accounted for 60.9 percent of U.S. Pima acreage and was the most popular brand planted in California, at 68 percent. DP 340 was the second-most planted Pima variety, at 13.7 percent of the U.S. crop. The most popular Pima variety planted in Texas and New Mexico was DP 340, at 50 percent and 46 percent, respectively. DP 744 was the most popular Pima variety planted in Arizona, accounting for 36.2 percent of total acres.
Sure-Grow, Paymaster and Deltapine are all Delta and Pine Land Co. brands. CPCSD varieties are planted mostly in California, while All-Tex and AFD Seed are primarily grown in the Southwest. AFD Seed and FiberMax brands are owned by Bayer CropScience. PhytoGen is owned by Dow AgroSciences. Stoneville is owned by Monsanto.
Transgenic varieties — genetically engineered varieties resistant to worms, herbicides, or both — accounted for about 82.6 percent of the U.S. upland cotton acreage in 2005.
Estimates of the percentage of the cotton varieties planted were based on informal surveys made by cotton program classing offices. Those surveyed included ginners, seed dealers and Extension agents.