What is in this article?:
- Where will cotton prices go as China abandons stockpiling?
- Will continue to import cotton
China has decided to scrap its cotton stockpiling program in favor of subsidizing its domestic producers. The plan will not likely have a short-term impact on U.S. cotton prices. Cotton producers may need to be more cautious in marketing cotton in the future, depending on how China decides to unwind its reserve.
Will continue to import cotton
Merritt believes that China will continue to import more and more yarn from other countries. “Some estimate they will import as much as 8 million bale equivalents of yarn in 2013.”
Possibly bullish news from India is whether or not they will impose a 10 percent tax on cotton exports, according to Merritt. “Word is that we should hear any day on that. If they did, it could really help prices.”
Meanwhile, the cotton market seems to have found demand at around the 82-cent level, according to Merritt.
“This level just seems like a sweet spot for the market. We saw really strong export numbers yesterday (Sept. 12) at 134,400 bales sold to 16 countries, along with 16,000 bales of Pima. Total sales and shipments so far this marketing year are just over 4 million bales. This is saying that mills don’t mind locking in their prices at these levels.”
Merritt said any announcement from China that would make reserve cotton more affordable for its domestic mills “could send us lower. How much is anybody’s guess.”
Cotton producers should keep an eye on December 2013 futures, Merritt said. “The small inventory of high grade cotton and the possibility of lower grades overall in this year’s crop could cause December to go higher, depending on how the mills view the situation as the crop is harvested. Right now, the mills in China are in a bit of a wait and see mode.”
Merritt says a breakout of cotton prices to over 85 cents “would definitely see fund-buying coming in.”
Merritt doesn’t see a big downside for December 2013, with less than two months left until expiration, “but you never know. A sound business practice is to always lock in profitable prices if they are available.”
For 2014, Merritt advises producers to consider locking in some cotton in the spring, at planting or before. “It could be one of those years where what you’re looking at in the spring is not what you’re looking at later in the year.”
Carl Anderson, Extension professor emeritus, Texas A&M University is more concerned than ever about downside risk in the cotton market, especially with changing Chinese policy and the possibility of fund involvement.
“You need to be watching a number of variables in the cotton market. Don’t take a lot of risk that the market is going higher. When you put it all together, the downside risk over the next several months is much greater than the upside potential,” Anderson said.
USDA’s September supply and demand report, which put world production at 117 million bales and consumption at 109 million bales, suggests that there is plenty of cotton in the world. India, with 6 million bales of exportable cotton is also expected to be a major player in the market.
“In this market, we have to learn how to use put options and call option spreads to reduce the cost of holding cotton. Don’t hold cash cotton thinking it’s going to go up faster than the cost of storage. “
Anderson noted that U.S. exports could weaken because of equilibrium between foreign production and consumption. “We’re in a market that is highly risky. Protect the downside and don’t worry too much about the price going up.”