What is in this article?:
- Raising cotton without root rot infestations could mean additional 2 cents to 4 cents a pound.
- Ongoing research will look at ways to increase efficiency and save money.
- Topguard is not a reason to go to a monoculture. Farmers still have to consider other pests, such as nematodes.
RICK MINZENMAYER, Texas AgriLife Extension IPM agent (foreground), checks a root rot test plot in a cotton field near San Angelo. In the background, John and Doug Wilde look for infestation symptoms. The Wildes provided this field to Texas AgriLife to screen fungicides in an effort to identify a material with efficacy against root rot.
When the news came down that the Environmental Protection Agency had granted Texas a Section 18 emergency exemption to use Topguard to control cotton root rot, no one was happier than San Angelo farmer John Wilde.
“It’s a dream come true,” Wilde said. “This exemption means we can compete economically with good quality cotton. We’ll make better yields and better quality.”
Wilde, who farms with his two sons, Doug and Matt, says raising cotton without root rot infestations could mean from 2 cents to 4 cents a pound more for their cotton, just on improved quality. “We’ll have less low mic cotton, better grades and better staple,” he says.
They’ll also have less “barky” cotton. “Cotton picks up bark from the dead stalks caused by root rot,” he says. “Mills can remove leaf from cotton but they can’t remove bark.” He says cotton from root rot-infested fields typically gets discounted from 2 cents to 4 cents a pound.
Yields also will improve since root rot can cut production by 50 percent or more.
Wilde and his sons have had a vested interest in finding a root rot control. They’ve provided a “root rot nursery” to Texas AgriLife Extension specialists Tom Isakeit, plant pathologist, and Rick Minzenmayer, integrated pest management, for six or seven years. The 8- to 10-acre plot has a history of cotton root rot and provided Isakeit and Minzenmayer an opportunity to screen fungicides and applications methods in a location with consistent infection levels.