Agricultural technology took a significant leap on July 21 with the announcement of SmartStax, which will reduce the refuge requirement currently in place for multiple stacked insect genes.
Reducing the refuge from 20 to 5 percent, combined with advanced insect and weed control, is expected to increase corn yields by 5 percent to10 percent compared to current technology, according to company spokesmen.
In field tests, SmartStax has produced 20 percent or more yield increase in direct comparison to triple stack gene technology corn varieties. Company officials note this yield increase will vary from year to year and region to region. The yield increase, they say, will be clearly evident to growers.
SmartStax is a joint venture between Monsanto Company and Dow AgroSciences. It combines eight different genes and different modes of action for above and below ground insect control and weed and grass management for corn.
The new technology was recently granted approval by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the Canadian Food Inspection Agency. Approval puts the new technology on track for availability for U.S. and Canadian farmers for the 2010 cropping season.
Both Dow and Monsanto project for the 2010 cropping season to have SmartStax technology available in corn varieties from maturity groups ranging from 80-115 day corn.
The new technology includes above ground insect protection against corn earworm, European corn borer, southwestern corn borer, sugar cane borer, fall armyworm, western beet cutworm and black cutworm.
SmartStax includes Dowâ€™s Herculex I insect protection technology and Monsantoâ€™s VT Pro. VT Pro includes two lepidopteran genes currently marketed in Monsantoâ€™s Genuity corn varieties.
Weed control genes for the new technology come from Monsantoâ€™s Roundup Ready 2 and Bayer CropScienceâ€™s Liberty Link products. The combination provides a simpler means of weed and grass control, especially on no-till acres. It also provides an additional option for growers plagued with glyphosate resistant weeds.
Company official contend the new technology will be offered to 3-4 million acres of corn in its first year and has a longer-term potential of 65 million acres in the U.S. and Canada. If 3-4 million acres of corn containing the multi-stacked genes is planted, it would be the largest introduction of corn biotech seed in the history of agriculture.
Jerome Peribere, Dow AgroSciences president and CEO, says the price of the new technology will vary according to its benefit to farmers. In areas where above and below ground corn insect protection is not needed the price may be lower he says.
The new technology may produce a renewed interest in corn production in the Southeast. SmartStax reduces the corn refuge requirement in cotton-growing states from 50 percent to 20 percent.