What is in this article?:
- Mid-South corn and soybean harvests wrap up, yields high
- Mississippi soybeans
- The Mississippi corn harvest was completed in early October and Erick Larson, state Extension corn specialist, suspects the 2012 crop will be a record-breaker.
- "We’re on track to be right at the state (soybean) yield record (about 40 bushels) if not a bit higher.” -- Trent Irby, Mississippi Extension soybean specialist.
A CAT CLAAS COMBINE unloads for producer Turner Massey, Massey Planting Co., Rudyard, Miss. Massey, who has been planting corn since 2007, was hopeful that the 2012 harvest would produce the best yields he’s ever had.
Mississippi’s soybean producers are also bringing in high yields.
“It’s been a good year for soybeans,” says Trent Irby, Mississippi Extension soybean specialist. “The state is around 85 to 90 percent harvested. Over the last month, or so, we’ve had some big rains here and there – but most of the crop has been harvested without too many headaches.
“Most of our growers have moved into harvesting their double-crop soybean planted behind wheat. That’s pretty much the last of our acreage still in the field.”
More on Mid-South soybean harvest here.
As far as yields, “overall we’re very optimistic,” says Irby. “A few locations around the state, particularly some areas in the upper Delta, did suffer quite a bit from a dry June and early July. Some of these areas went the better part of six weeks without seeing rain. There was also some severe heat that, coupled with the drought, took quite a toll on yield potential in those areas.
“But much of the state’s acres – especially irrigated but also some of the dryland that caught rains – yielded above average. We’re on track to be right at the state yield record (about 40 bushels) if not a bit higher.”
Some of the earliest planted soybean acres in Mississippi made it through the season without any impact from insects or disease. “Things were actually really light for insects and disease through around mid-July. After that, a few pests and diseases moved in. But it wasn’t anything too far outside the norm. Most of the disease and insect pressure is in our later-planted crop – late-May planted and double-cropped soybeans.
“Now, soybean rust has been found in most counties in the state. However, it’s been manageable for the most part. Some fields have been sprayed with a fungicide to minimize the effects.”
While the rust did show up a little earlier than in years past, “our team of pathologists works very hard to monitor for soybean rust so that growers in areas where it is found can be prepared,” says Irby. “In some cases, the crop was far enough along that a fungicide application would not have provided any benefit. In other cases, farmers had to spray.”
Because of such high yields, Irby has heard from growers lacking storage options. “I talked to a farmer without any storage. He sent a load to several places and had to bring it home that same day. There was nowhere to unload.
“I’ve talked to other growers with on-farm storage that was nearly full from their good corn crop. There’s very little space for their soybean crop. Of course, that’s a good problem to have.”