Gallagher says a lot of work remains to make biofuels workable. “We need to engage the private sector to promote sustainable biofuel production. We need to engage the government to offer financial incentives to meet long-term biofuel goals.

“We also need to address the consumptive side — fuel efficiency, alternative fuels, energy conservation. We need to support policies and market solutions that don’t have fixed mandates and that are more market oriented. We need to continue to support research in seed technology, so as the demand base grows we can continue to supply the product. We need to continue to support alternative methods of biofuel/biomass production.”

Gallagher said government subsidies for ethanol production “are simply the way things are done these days. Let’s be realists. Governments do what governments do. The onus is on us to make sure that policy is as market-oriented as we can get in order to drive this industry. As we look at what is driving this, it’s government and government incentives. Those are realities and are probably not going away anytime soon.”

John Hofmeister, former president of Shell Oil Co., and currently CEO of Citizens for Affordable Energy, believes the United States and Western Europe “are inevitably headed for an energy abyss. When the president of the United States says we need a new energy system for the 21st century, and therefore we need wind, solar and biofuels, it’s a laughable comment. It makes no sense. These are substitutes on a very small scale. We are frittering at the edges, while we are starving the larger infrastructure from the kind of investment that’s really needed, and we make it up with food. Come on. We can do better than that.”

Hofmeister says energy “must be ubiquitous, and it has to be continuous. The problem with solar and wind is that they’re neither. To create a political agenda predicated on such ideology is superficial thinking. Energy is a source of economic strength and national security, but I think it’s tearing this nation apart.

“Elsewhere around the world, you don’t find the kinds of adversarial conversations between government and industry. I’ve said before that we should beware of the reckless right, they’ll destroy the earth. We should also beware of the ludicrous left, they’ll destroy society. The pragmatic middle is really where energy needs to be sourced. Energy has to come from technology and natural resources.”

Alternative feedstock for biodiesel could come from algae, and from various grasses for ethanol, according to Hofmeister. “But the real issue has to come down to this. If we have an uninformed citizenry who don’t pay attention to the issues of energy, then we will get what we get.”